2011 Ford Ranger Body Repair Manual

The 1998 Electric Ranger is a low-volume production electric vehicle. The Electric Ranger is built on the 1998 gasoline-powered Ranger platform and is sold and serviced through Ford dealerships. A traction battery mounted under the vehicle between the frame rails supplies the electric power. The traction battery provides 312 volts direct current (DC), which is converted to three-phase alternating current (AC) that drives the motor/transaxle. The Electric Ranger is a rear-wheel drive vehicle and operates much like the gasoline-powered models. The most noticeable difference between the Electric Ranger and the gasoline-powered Ranger is the operating noise is very low. Because of the quiet operation of the vehicle, a motor enabled gauge is provided and is located on the right side of the instrument cluster. The motor enabled gauge indicates ON with the ignition switch in the RUN or START position and indicates OFF with the ignition switch in the OFF position or the powertrain becomes disabled.

To the best of our knowledge, the illustrations, technical information, data and descriptions in this issue were correct at the time of going to print. The right to change prices, specifications, and equipment and maintenance instructions at any time without notice is reserved as part of FORD policy of continuous development and improvement for the benefit of our customers.

No part of this publication may be reproduced, stored in a data processing system or transmitted in any form, electronic, mechanical, photocopy, recording, translation or by any other means without prior permission of Ford Motor Company. No liability can be accepted for any inaccuracies in this publication, although every possible care has been taken to make it as complete and accurate as possible.

ELECTRIC VEHICLE (EV) HISTORY
Current legistration requires the development and distribution of zero-emission vehicles. Today, only electric vehicles qualify as zero-emission vehicles. This legislation also states all automobile manufacturers who sell over 5,000 vehicles a year in regulated states must develop and manufacture electric vehicles.
Electric vehicles (EVs) were first developed in the early 1900s. These early EVs traveled at low speeds (24 km/h [15 mph]) and had limited range (48-64 kilometers [30-40 miles]).

Ford Ranger Repair Manual

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Ford Motor Company began its recent EV development in 1982 with the introduction of the ETX 1, a converted Lynx LN7. A lead-acid battery and a 37-kW (50-hp) AC motor powered this experimental vehicle. The ETX 2 followed. The ETX 2 is a converted Aerostar using a refined 53-kW (70-hp) motor; several battery types were used and tested.

In 1993, Ford began a demonstration program to help potential customers gain real-world experience in the use of electric-powered vehicles. With the participation of utility companies and other commercial organizations, this program has now reached the one million-mile mark in vehicle miles driven. The vehicle platform for this demonstration is the Ecostar; a two-passenger electric vehicle based on the European Ford Escort Van. This demonstration program paved the way for production of the Electric Ranger.

Ford Ranger 2011 Body Repair Manual

Ford Ranger 2011 Body Repair Manual For Free

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